Lethem Council wants Industrial Site reserved for auto assembly plant

first_imgIn keeping with its developmental agenda, Mayor of the recently minted town of Lethem in Region Nine (Upper Takatu-Upper Essequibo), has expressed optimism for the completion of an industrial site with special lands set aside for agro-processing and an auto assembly plant.Mayor Carlton Beckles, in an interview with the Government Information Agency (GINA), said agro-processing is among the main priorities that the Council wants to have accomplished before it demits office.“We want an industrial area that you will have utilising things that are readily available inside here in Lethem,” the Mayor recently told GINA.It was noted that the Council wants to produce products such as cashew nuts, and mangoes which are abundant in the region. This will be processed at the proposed industrial site, the Mayor posited.“We do not want to have persons coming into the industrial area to establish businesses that are already established there. For example, the persons who are making the blocks with their hands, we would not want to see somebody coming here in the industrial area, with a block making machine, to put that person out of business. We would like to see that person go into the industrial area to get all the necessary support [so] that they can acquire the different machinery that they can produce these blocks,” he explained.According to Beckles, the Council also envisions a specific area within the industrial site that would be reserved for an auto assembly plant: “It might sound far-fetched but definitely, why we cannot through Central Government, lobby one of those automakers that they can set up an assembly plant here in Guyana with an aim of exporting to Brazil and to [the] Caribbean,” the Mayor questioned.Lethem’s Mayor also explained that under the education programme, their vision is a technical institute and a university in the town, rather than just secondary education.The establishment of a library equipped with Wi-Fi Internet is another one of the Council’s visions to benefit residents, particularly teachers and students, to access the Internet to do research, at a small cost. He noted that the Council has also committed to making available, on an annual basis, monetary contributions to the top three National Grade Six Assessment (NGSA) students of the town.Beckles further observed that the Deputy Fire Chief has met with the Council and a section of land has been identified for the construction of the region’s first Fire Station. It was pointed out that the municipality is also rehabilitating the Lethem Market as well as upgrading several sporting facilities. Beckles advised that the sport grounds in Culvert City and Tabtinga, Lethem, are being enclosed and sanitary facilities will be installed.The Mayor cautioned that the municipality is suffering constraints due to challenges such as staffing. “We do not have the required amount of staff and it is understandably so because we are a new municipality, where we have to get our Town Clerk, Town Treasurer, Superintendent of Works, Public Health Officer…,” he explained.“So you have a challenge ahead to convince the residents, where they have to change now to regulated development, and this entails interacting with them and sensitising them on the way forward, not to go and undo what was done already, but to educate them on the challenges going forward,” the Mayor added.Beckles observed that once the Council overcomes the prevailing challenges, progress can be made on their developmental agenda. “We can get things in place. We can be able to make progress… and once we can develop the municipality, by extension the region will develop,” the Mayor expressed.last_img read more

Stoke on red alert as Belgium star’s agent reveals Roma are yet to make an offer

first_img Axel Witsel: The 27-year-old is set to leave Russia after four years Stoke City have been given a boost in their pursuit of Axel Witsel after the player’s agent revealed Roma are yet to make an offer.The Belgian is expected to leave Zenit St Petersburg this summer after spending four years in Russia.Stoke are very keen on the midfielder and they have been linked with a bid for the 27-year-old during the current transfer window.Roma are sniffing around Witsel too but his agent, Riccardo Napolitano, has admitted that they are yet to make an approach.“Witsel is a player that [Roma boss Luciano] Spalletti knows very well, as he coached him when they worked together at Zenit St Petersburg,” Napolitano told Rete Sport.“This is an advantage for Roma. The departure of [Miralem] Pjanic leads us to believe that the Belgian could be signed, but so far there have been no official offers.“The Giallorossi’s problem is certainly related to the financial aspect, considering the economic problems at the club. Witsel is worth more than €40m for Zenit.” 1last_img read more


first_imgA young Donegal woman is keeping it country in her quest for a career in the music business.Gráinne Gavigan from Ardara is one of this year’s nine contestants taking part in the Glór Tíre country music singing competition on TG4.The 18-year old singer, daughter of Hugh and Eileen, is the youngest contestant in this year’s competition and is the only contestant from the North West of Ireland. Each of the nine contestants has an established Irish country music artist as their mentor. Gráinne’s mentor is the very talented Lisa McHugh, who reached the final of Glór Tíre in December 2009.Gráinne said “I am privileged to have been chosen by Lisa as her contestant on this year’s show”.Since first meeting each other in 2007, the girls have been very close friends. She describes Lisa as being the perfect mentor as she is not only a close friend, but has also shared her own personal experience of appearing on the show. This has been a huge benefit for Gráinne along with the endless help and guidance Lisa has shown.Gráinne is a past pupil of Gortnacart National School, Ardara and St. Columba’s Comprehensive School, Glenties and is currently a first year student at Letterkenny IT (LYIT) where she is studying Health and Social Care. With a strong tradition of music in her family, it has always been a huge part of Gráinne’s life. Her brother Brendan also plays in a local country music band ‘Ramblin Fever’. She holds a Grade 8 qualification in musical theatre and has won two Ulster Fleadh Cheoil medals for singing in both English and Irish.Gráinne mentions that she has always had a passion for country music from a very young age, and is a regular face at country dances where she never leaves the floor.This year’s Glór Tíre series will start on the 9th of January at 10.30pm on TG4 and will run every Wednesday night with the winner being announced on the 17th of April. The programme is broadcast from the Quays Bar in Galway city.Gráinne is very excited about taking part in this years competition saying “I am looking forward to the months ahead where I will be appearing with Lisa McHugh at many of her gigs along with making numerous appearances at various concerts and dances”.Gráinne will be depending on the public for their support and will be very grateful for all your votes. To vote from the Republic of Ireland, you can call 1513 415 108 or text ‘GLOR8’ to 53307. For those voting from Northern Ireland, you can call 0901 6566 108 or text ‘GLOR8’ to 81108. Voting Lines will not open until after the first episode on the 9th of January. You can also follow Gráinne’s progress on her facebook page.GRAINNE HOPING TO KEEP IT COUNTRY TO WIN GLOR TIRE ON TG4 was last modified: January 8th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:GLOR TIREGRAINNE GAVIGANLISA MCHGHTG4last_img read more


first_imgLetterkenny Gaels News: Training for Seniors and Reserves continues at Pairc na nGael every Tuesday and Thursday at 7pm. New players always welcome. The first league match is fixed away to Robert Emmetts this Saturday 12th April.Lotto numbers for week ending the 5th April were 6, 20, 22 & 26. Match 3 winner was Paul Devine, Friends of the Gaels. This week’s jackpot is €2300. The numbers in our club lotto have increased to 28. Any members of Friends of the Gaels wishing to change their weekly numbers should contact John McDermott or Sharon Harnet.U16 training continues every Wednesday and Friday at 5.30pm at the pitch. U6, U8, & U10 football continues at Pairc na nGael every Sunday morning from 11-12pm. New members welcome.Well done to our U14 Hurlers who had a good win over Carndonagh last week.Hurling training for U6, U8, U10 and U12 has now moved to the pitch every Thursday evening from 6.30-7.30pm. Hurleys and helmets provided for training.Club members wishing to avail of Club Donegal should contact Jim on 0862271435. Membership includes free admission to all Club League & Championship games in the county for 2014. With regard to home and car insurance we have teamed up with Liberty Insurance who will give €50 to the club for every new policy taken out with them before 30th April. All you have to do is nominate Letterkenny Gaels.The Camogie season started with our Secondary school team playing Na Magha at home. In an exciting and competitive match, our young team were unfortunate to lose out by a single point. The 5th &6th class team played St. Eunan’s this week and won out with a strong overall team display.Camogie training continues every Tuesday evening at Pairc na nGael from 6-7pm for 1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th class. 5th, 6th class & Secondary school on Monday evening 6-7.30pm at Pairc na nGael. It is great to see so many new players enjoying Camogie. Contact 086 8163605 for information. New players welcome.Senior Ladies Football training continues every Tuesday from 8-9pm at Game on Sports. New members welcome.For regular club updates and photos see our club web page, www.letterkennygaels.donegal.gaa.ie , Facebook page or follow us on Twitter @LetterkennyGael GAA NEWS: LETTERKENNY GAELS FIRST LEAGUE GAME AWAY THIS SATURDAY was last modified: April 8th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Letterkenny GaelsnewsNoteslast_img read more


first_imgThere was a diverse number of events last weekend with members taking part in events locally, nationally and in London.Pride of place goes to club veteran John Cannon who won his age group in the National Aquathlon championship in Galway.Triona Mcmenamin did well in the cancer coastal challenge, Christine Russell was second woman in the Glenarm Sprint triathlon and Paddy Bond had a pb in the Moville lighthouse swim swimming 1500 metres in 24.44 . Eugene McGettigan performed well in the ulster 25 mile time trial finishing 23rd in a time of 1.01.34 Training continues as followsMonday Gartan six thirty pm open water swimmingTuesday Track seven forty five pmWednesday pool session eight pm Aura Thursday TT or Brick seven pm FoxhallSaturday group cycle Aura nine thirty amResultsNational Long course Aquathlon Galway19 Adam Speer 1.10.46 48 Paul McIntyre 1.18.3098 Fin Begley 1.30.03113 John Cannon 1.32.54Coastal Cancer Challenge Sprint 8th(1st woman) Triona McMenamin 3.13.0619th Patrick McNulty 3.52.2225th Stephen Sweeney 4.40.56Coastal Cancer Challenge Ultimate9th Gerard Callaghan 4.02.07Churchill 5K14th Martin Devenney 17.3815th Paul Doherty 17.4618th Mark Hunter 17.5242nd Charlie Gildea 20.3255th Sabrina Mackey 20.5770th Bernard McDyre 21.4783rd Orla Nallen 22.3484th Seamus Nallen 22.34Eton Dorney Olympic Triathlon4th Brendan Murphy 2.04.14LETTERKENNY 24/7: ADAM SPEER IN GOOD FORM AT THE AQUATHLON IN GALWAY was last modified: July 22nd, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:athleticsNoticesSportlast_img read more


first_imgPICTURE: With the kind permission of John Soffe (www.johnsoffe.com) Check his Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/JohnSoffePhotography),DONEGAL will witness musical history this Sunday.The Donegal Chamber Orchestra will perform the “world première” of a new six-movement piece ‘The Inishowen Set’ especially composed for the string ensemble by John McLachlan, the internationally esteemed Dublin born composer who lives in Inishowen.During this week the composer will work weekly with the Orchestra in this new work that will be premiered in Conwal Parish Church and also performed later on this year in Inishowen. Since 2010 the Donegal Music Education Partnership’s ensemble has successfully worked with one Irish composer per season, promoting new music and commissioning new pieces for their repertory. Ian Wilson, Derek Ball and Elaine Agnew were involved in music making with DCO in previous seasons.John McLachlan is an Irish composer from Dublin, now living in Redcastle, Co. Donegal. He is a freelance composer who is also active in the representation and promotion of Irish composers. He has had many articles on contemporary music published in various journals.He has written over 40 works, for all the usual instrumental combinations and his music has been played and broadcast widely around the world, from Tokyo to New York and South Africa to Peru.Commissions have come from the Irish National Symphony Orchestra, National Concert Hall, the Dublin International Piano Competition, and Music Network, and from many international groups and soloists active in new music. He holds a musicology PhD from Trinity College Dublin and was the Executive Director of the Association of Irish Composers from 1999 to 2012. He is a member of Aosdána, Ireland’s state-sponsored academy for the creative arts. See www.johnmclachlan.info for more.The Donegal Chamber Orchestra features classical string players from across county Donegal and is dedicated to helping students and amateur musicians achieve the highest level of excellence in performance.The Donegal Chamber Orchestra gives regular performances throughout the county during the year and previous seasons have included trips to Spain and Italy.Since its establishment the orchestra worked with guest artists such as violinist Darragh Morgan, Belgium soprano Tine Verbeke, renowned Romanian/Irish cellist Mihai Dancila, the Spanish chamber orchestra Concerto Málaga and the Italian Maestro Massimo Paris. The Orchestra was founded in 2006 by Hungarian violinist Orsolya Szabó-Yélamo (Violin resource tutor with Donegal Music Education Partnership) and Spanish cellist Víctor Yélamo (Artistic Director of the ensemble).For their February concert in Conwal Parish Church, they will perform John McLachlan’s ‘The Inishowen Set’ conducted by the composer itself who also will introduce his new piece to the audience. The program will also include Karl Jenkin’s Palladio, Hindemith’s Five Pieces for Strings Op. 44, Mascagni’s Intermezzo from “Cavalleria Rusticana”, Britten’s Simple Symphony Op. 4, Tchaikovsky’s Elegy for string orchestra and Bartók’s Ten pieces “For Children“ Sz. 39 arranged for strings by Leo Weiner. This concert is presented by the Donegal Chamber Music Society as part of their Sunday afternoon concert series “Sundays in Conwal” in association with Donegal Music Education Partnership.A recital of about 45 minutes of music. Admissions € 10/5. Tickets will be available at the door. For further information, (074) 9176293 / musiceducation@donegaletb.ie. Programme starts at 3pm.(PICTURE: With the kind permission of John Soffe (www.johnsoffe.com) Check his Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/JohnSoffePhotography),JOHN McLACHLAN’S WORLD PREMIERE AT CONWAL CHURCH THIS SUNDAY was last modified: February 18th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:conwaldonegal chamber orchestraJohn McLachlanSundayslast_img read more


first_imgDonegal is to receive €80,000 for works on three separate piers and harbours, Minister Joe McHugh has announced.Na Dunaibh, Arranmore and Kincasslagh piers will be upgraded.“Downings Pier is to receive €40,000 for works to include the removal of a section of the decking, reconstruction of a section of the back wall of pier, and construction of a new section of decking,” Mc Hugh told Donegal Daily. “Aphort Pier, an Arranmore Project, is to receive €20,000, and consists of additional decking works and the construction of a wall to support the road to Rannagh Pier.“Kincasslagh Harbour is also included, with the replacement of new pier ladders as the existing ladders are broken, corroded and not to any acceptable standard, with a total of €20,000 going towards the project..“This funding, for the repair and development of piers and harbours, is crucial for ensuring their long term sustainability. Donegal’s fishing, marine and tourism industries depend so much on this infrastructure and the communities here understand the importance of supporting this industry more than most.“This funding is a combination of resources between the Department of Agriculture Food and the Marine, and Donegal County Council. Work is due to commence shortly on these projects, where works can be completed by the end of November, and this is good news for the communities and local businesses.” EXTRA CASH FOR ARRANMORE, KINCASSLAGH AND DOWNINGS PIERS was last modified: October 16th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:arranmoreDowningspierprojectlast_img read more

‘Change is now in our hands’ – Government approves abortion referendum

first_imgThe Cabinet has unanimously approved the decision to hold a referendum on the Eighth Amendment, which will take place at the end of May 2018.A late Cabinet meeting tonight has agreed that the referendum will ask the people whether they want to retain the Eighth Amendment of the constitution, or repeal it and enable the Dáil to legislate on abortion.Taoiseach Leo Varadkar clearly stated that he will advocate for a Yes vote in the referendum. ‘Safe, legal and rare’ is the planned approach for abortion in Ireland announced by Mr Varadkar tonight, should the repeal be passed. Mr Varadkar said: “We know that thousands of Irish women – from every county in Ireland – go abroad for abortions every year. We know that many women are obtaining abortion pills through the post to end their pregnancies. So we already have abortion in Ireland, but it is unsafe, unregulated and illegal.”“We cannot persist with the situation where women in crisis risk their lives with unregulated medicines.”He added: “I believe this is a decision about whether we want to continue to criminalise and stigmatise our sisters, our co-workers and our friends or whether we want to take a collective act of leadership to show empathy and compassion.”Mr Varadkar said the issue ‘can never be explained in black and white’ and that his personal views have evolved over time. He said that while he was Minister for Health, he became convinced that abortion had “no place in our Constitution.”“It is a matter for people to make their own decision based on the evidence they hear, compassion and empathy and I want the debate to be respectful on all sides and it should never be personalised,” he said.On the issue of allowing unrestricted abortion up to 12 weeks, he said he supports it and it is now a matter for the Oireachtas to debate. Draft legislation is being drawn up on the matter which will be published ahead of the vote.Mr Varadkar added: “If the referendum is passed, a doctor-led, safe and legal system for the termination of pregnancy will be introduced. Safe, legal and rare. No longer an article in the Constitution, but rather a private and personal matter for women and doctors.”Health Minister Simon Harris has been allowed to draft a bill to legislate on abortion ahead of the public vote. With the ‘Enable’ element of the referendum, the government will ask the people to insert a clause in the constitution which will allow the government to legislate on abortion. This bill will be approved by the courts before enactment. Minister Harris said it’s time for the people to have their say on the substantive issue for the first time since 1983. He said that women have endured decades of neglect at times of great need due to indecision, confusion and uncertainty.Children’s Minister Katherina Zappone said that, as an independent woman, she was full of emotion tonight.“It is my firm hope we will have a respectful debate based on the facts,” she added.‘Change is now in our hands’ – Government approves abortion referendum was last modified: January 31st, 2018 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Manorcunningham residents ‘concerned for safety’ on dark evenings

first_imgA lack of street lighting is causing concern among residents in Manorcunningham during dark winter evenings.The issue was raised at the Letterkenny-Milford November council meeting as Cllr Kevin Bradley called for extra street lighting at the Manor Orange Hall.Cllr Bradley said that residents are concerned for their safety during dark evenings on the Main Street.  He added that locals “aren’t happy” with anti-social behaviour and would like to have brighter lights in the area.The council responded to the request and said the matter would be considered in the workshop on year 3 of the “3 Year Footpath and Public Lighting Programme”.Manorcunningham residents ‘concerned for safety’ on dark evenings was last modified: November 14th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Titan Ethane Still Missing, and Other Planetary Puzzles

first_imgWe update the problem of Titan’s missing ethane and other challenges to billions of years.Titan: Where’s the Ethane?Calculations of ethane production in the 1990s led to predictions of a global ocean of ethane by irreversible processes driven by the solar wind. The Huygens Probe (2005) falsified that prediction, but there should be some at least. Here’s the latest bad news posted by Astrobiology Magazine, based on a new study of the second-largest lake on the giant moon of Saturn:“Before Cassini, we expected to find that Ligeia Mare would be mostly made up of ethane, which is produced in abundance in the atmosphere when sunlight breaks methane molecules apart. Instead, this sea is predominantly made of pure methane,” said Alice Le Gall, a Cassini radar team associate at the French research laboratory LATMOS, Paris, and lead author of the new study.This prompted some hurried theory rescue activity and appeals to futureware, as the perhapsimaybecouldness index rises:A number of possible explanations could account for the sea’s methane composition, according to Le Gall. “Either Ligeia Mare is replenished by fresh methane rainfall, or something is removing ethane from it. It is possible that the ethane ends up in the undersea crust, or that it somehow flows into the adjacent sea, Kraken Mare, but that will require further investigation.”Deputy lead Steve Wall tried to smile about this as he said, “Titan just won’t stop surprising us.”Update 5/08/16: Icarus just published another paper called, “Titan’s Missing Ethane.” The abstract states that 1.37 million cubic kilometers of liquid ethane should have been produced throughout the assumed age of the moon. Since the surface area is 80 million square kilometers, simple division yields a layer 0.017 km deep—a global ocean roughly 56 feet all over the moon. (Note: that’s far less than previous estimates that predicted half a mile deep.) Where is it? Their only suggestion is that somehow it sank into the icy crust where it cannot be observed. Why didn’t the methane sink, too? The abstract doesn’t mention any conceivable sorting action of a porous crust to explain why methane is found in large polar lakes, but almost no ethane. From that puzzle, Gilliam and Lerman go hydrobioscopic, distracting attention to the possibility of life. Sadly for them, that’s bad news, too. “The temperatures on Titan, much lower than on primordial Earth, are less favorable to the ‘Second Coming of life’ on Titan.” Never seen that phrase in print before.Mercury’s Carbon FootprintThe innermost planet will transit the sun Monday May 9, a rare event that occurs 13 times a century on average (last was in 2006, for history, read David Rothery’s piece on The Conversation; Space.com describes how to see it safely, and what to expect). A paper in Nature Geoscience says that the crust is darker than predicted. They infer an “ancient carbon-bearing crust” formed “via impact processes or assimilation of carbon into rising magmas during secondary crustal formation.”The Moon’s Delicate Pas de DeuxA paper in Icarus exposes problems with moon formation theories. Factors had to be delicately balanced for a molten Earth and Moon to arrive at their final destinations while maintaining the currently-observed lunar inclination. The timing of solidification is critical, Nimmo and Chen say; “There is thus a ‘speed limit’ on how fast the Moon can evolve outwards while maintaining its inclination.” Either the early Earth had to be 1-2 times less dissipative than it is now, or else the moon’s inclination had to rise after it passed through a critical “Cassini state transition” at 30 Earth radii. This “requires subsequent late excitation of the lunar orbit after the crystallization of the lunar magma ocean.” How did that happen? If the Earth and Moon did not evolve from a molten state, as current theory assumes, the puzzle could be circumvented.Ceres Bright Blue CratersAstrobiology Magazine posted pretty pictures from the Dawn spacecraft, still orbiting the largest asteroid Ceres. Haulani Crater has a strange polygonal shape, while smaller Oxo Crater, second brightest feature on Ceres, displays a prominent slump along one rim. Hualani “shows rays of bluish ejected material. The color blue in such views has been associated with young features on Ceres.”Jupiter Jekyll and HydeJPL scientist Kevin Grazier, who appeared briefly in The Privileged Planet, has run computer models for years to show that Jupiter may not be Earth’s protector after all. Comets and asteroids, he shows in his paper in Astrobiology, are just as likely to be deflected toward the Earth as away from it. He spins this as fortuitous in that the impactors “deliver life-enabling volatiles to the terrestrial planets.” Meanwhile, Icarus posted a paper dealing with the problem of the high mountains on Jupiter’s volcano moon Io. More falsified expectations were expressed in Astrobiology Magazine about Jupiter’s moons, particularly the smooth-cracked Europa: “[Scientists] had expected to see cold, dead places, but right away they were blown away by their striking surfaces” says a faculty member at Columbia. Carl Wunsch, meanwhile, deals with global ice-covered worlds in a paper on Icarus. “Little can be said concerning a reduction in tidal dissipation necessary to avoid a crisis in the history of the lunar orbit,” but he said it anyway.Saturn: Y Is Enceladus Young?Space.com shows a mysterious Y shape of ridges on Saturn’s geyser moon Enceladus. “Such features are also believed to be relatively young based on their lack of impact craters — a reminder of how surprisingly geologically active Enceladus is,” Cassini scientists said. Other Y shapes are seen along the ends of the south pole “tiger stripes” where the geysers erupt. A video clip explains the little moon’s surprises. “The surface of Enceladus is believed to be possibly less than 100 million years old, which would make it one of the youngest surfaces in the solar system.” If so, “possibly less” could imply “a lot less,” considering that 100 million years is 1/45th the assumed age of the planets. Another piece on PhysOrg tries to account for the heat by tidal friction. Because eruptions on Earth don’t last very long, scientists are rushing to a new theory by Kite and Rubin like drowning victims to a ring buoy. “It’s a puzzle to explain why the fissure system doesn’t clog up with its own frost,” one scientist said. “And it’s a puzzle to explain why the energy removed from the water table by evaporative cooling doesn’t just ice things over.”Update 5/08/16: Cassini scientists watched the plume occult a star recently, according to Astrobiology Magazine. The headline reads, “Enceladus jets: surprises in starlight” because some of the jets (but not all) seem to blast out with increased fury when the moon is at apoapse, its farthest point from the planet. [The observations, by the way, were made by Voyager veteran Candy Hansen, who appears in the bonus features of Illustra Media’s film The Privileged Planet.] Like today’s Icarus paper on Titan’s ethane, NASA’s leaps into hydrobioscopy, using the power of suggestion, to claim without any observational justification:Exactly how or why that’s happening is far from clear, but the observation gives theorists new possibilities to ponder about the twists and turns in the “plumbing” under the moon’s frozen surface. Scientists are eager for such clues because, beneath its frozen shell of ice, Enceladus is an ocean world that might have the ingredients for life.Special Pleading at DioneMeanwhile, there are puzzles at Saturn’s fourth moon Dione. A paper in Icarus finds crater rays that are very bright, so much so that “the implantation event occurred very recently.” The rays extend over much of the moon and would normally be darkened in short order by the solar wind.Phoebe Ring UpdateA new paper in Icarus updates knowledge about Saturn’s largest ring, the surprising Phoebe Ring discovered by Cassini, which orbits retrograde around the planet (10/07/09). This “vast debris disk” extends from 80 to 260 Saturn radii. If as assumed, “the Phoebe ring is generated through steady-state micrometeoroid bombardment” of Saturn’s outermost irregular satellites, why is there any material left? The small grains in the ring should be swept out of the ring by sunlight pressure in relatively short order. Could this process go on for billions of years?Pluto UpdatesQuick news from data trickling in from New Horizons:Pluto’s interaction with the solar wind appears to be unique (Astrobiology Magazine)Pluto’s “halo craters” are puzzling; see photo on Astrobiology Magazine. “Exactly why the bright methane ice settles on these crater rims and walls is a mystery; also puzzling is why this same effect doesn’t occur broadly across Pluto.”‘Frozen Lake’ on Pluto May Point to a Warmer Time (Space.com): “Had New Horizon’s flyby taken place a few millions years ago, the tiny planet would have looked vastly different than it does today.” How about billions?Melodrama at New Scientist: “Pluto may have tipped over when Charon tugged at its heart.“Far OutMakemake: The Hubble Telescope found a moon orbiting distant dwarf planet Makemake, reports Astrobiology Magazine. The moon is charcoal black, but Makemake is bright like fresh snow.Planet Nine: Another Astrobiology Mag article says that Planet Nine, possibly awaiting confirmation, shouldn’t exist. “The evidence points to Planet Nine existing, but we can’t explain for certain how it was produced,” one planetary scientist says, without invoking some kind of planetary billiards knocking it out there.Oort, Oort: Were you taught in school that the Oort Cloud contains pristine, primordial material? Then why does Science Magazine talk about “inner solar system material in the Oort Cloud”? No puzzle is immune from unbridled speculation. “We may be looking at fresh inner solar system Earth-forming material that was ejected from the inner solar system and preserved for billions of years in the Oort cloud.”While we join the applause for these discoveries, and honor the high degree of intelligent design it took to obtain these images and data, we must remind everyone that scientific explanation differs greatly from scientific discovery. You can view the number of surprises that contradicted expectations as a rough index of explanatory success. The old planetesimal hypothesis is not doing very well. Look how many objects theory says shouldn’t exist! Since they do exist, consensus theory should cease from existing.(Visited 26 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more