Cold winter boosts Gazprom

first_img Cold winter boosts Gazprom RUSSIA’S Gazprom, the world’s biggest gas producer, beat forecasts for first-quarter sales and profit, as a surge in domestic revenues offset a sharp drop in prices to European customers.Gazprom supplies a quarter of the European Union’s gas needs, but economic weakness has slashed demand, and some customers there have secured lower prices on long-term contracts, citing cheaper fuel on spot markets.Gazprom’s total revenue increased 14 per cent to 956.8bn roubles (£20.2bn), compared with a Reuters poll estimate of 946.6bn, as domestic sales jumped 47 per cent.Export sales, mostly to Europe, Gazprom’s biggest gas export market, declined by 22 per cent to 286.22bn roubles, as a 36 per cent drop in prices outweighed a rise in sales volumes of 37 per cent.Gazprom said it did not expect any further contract revisions, but abandoned its previous projections for an increase in European sales to 145bn cubic metres this year from 142 bcm in 2009.“We expect gas sales [volumes] to Europe in 2010 to be flat compared to 2009,” chief financial officer Andrei Kruglov said.Gazprom’s free cash flow for the quarter hit a record 233bn roubles, nearly triple the amount for all of 2009, which put it in a more comfortable position to manage its 977bn roubles net debt, which it said it would continue to cut after having cut it by nearly 30 per cent in the three months.Earnings before interests, taxes, depreciation and amortisation rose to 407bn roubles from 337bn roubles a year ago and 334bn roubles in the last quarter of 2009. KCS-content More From Our Partners Russell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgUK teen died on school trip after teachers allegedly refused her pleasnypost.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.org‘Neighbor from hell’ faces new charges after scaring off home buyersnypost.comSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comKamala Harris keeps list of reporters who don’t ‘understand’ her: reportnypost.comI blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comFeds seized 18 devices from Rudy Giuliani and his employees in April raidnypost.com980-foot skyscraper sways in China, prompting panic and evacuationsnypost.comBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comWhy people are finding dryer sheets in their mailboxesnypost.com Share Tags: NULL Show Comments ▼center_img whatsapp by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastNoteabley25 Funny Notes Written By StrangersNoteableyMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBemoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.comZen HeraldThe Truth About Why ’40s Actor John Wayne Didn’t Serve In WWII Has Come To LightZen HeraldDrivepedia20 Of The Most Underrated Vintage CarsDrivepedia whatsapp Thursday 2 September 2010 7:30 pmlast_img read more

Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) 2018 Annual Report

first_imgPuma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) listed on the Lusaka Securities Exchange under the Energy sector has released it’s 2018 annual report.For more information about Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Puma Energy Zambia Plc (PUMA.zm)  2018 annual report.Company ProfilePuma Energy Zambia Plc markets and distributes petroleum products and lubricants in Zambia; ensuring a secure, safe and affordable supply to the following sectors: business-to-business, retail, lubricant, aviation, bitumen, liquefied petroleum gas, storage, supply, bunkering, wholesale, marine systems and refining. It also owns 53 service stations, located in the main towns and cities of Zambia. Puma Energy Zambia is a subsidiary of Puma Energy International BV; a global energy business with integrated midstream and downstream operations in 50 countries across five continents. The Puma brand was created in Argentina in 1929 and founded to transport and market crude oil and its by-products. The energy company has undergone exceptional growth and now boasts an international footprint that includes the Americas, Africa, Europe and Middle East/Asia Pacific. Puma Energy Zambia Plc is listed on the Lusaka Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Montpellier have Falcons in their sights

first_img“We will have to be strong, compete physically and dominate in the scrum in particular. In Round 2 we struggled to gain territory in the earlier stages of the game then we managed to find solutions and find the breaks.“My best memory so far in the Amlin Challenge Cup was last year in Round 1 when we went to Worcester with a team consisting mostly of young players and came away with a win. We didn’t expect to succeed but we played with all our hearts and managed to impose our game.” LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Montpellier captain Vassili Bost challenges Exeter’s Andrew HigginsMontpellier remain on course for Amlin Challenge Cup quarter-final qualification as Pool 3 winners – and victory at Newcastle Falcons on Friday night would take them a giant step closer to a place in the last eight in April.“We aimed at qualification from the start of the season and at present we are still within reach of that goal,” said back row forward and captain Vassili Bost. “However, we have two complicated games left in the Pool phases against two big English squads so we know it will be tough.“Exeter Chiefs, despite being newly promoted, have shown that they are up there with the rest of the English squads and are very physical up front. They beat Newcastle twice in three encounters this season – including a big win in Round 3 of the Amlin Challenge Cup – and they only lost to them by two points in Round 4 so we cannot take them lightly.“The level in this competition has intensified in the last few years, especially the last two seasons with the introduction of the new quarter-final qualification format. That means the teams have to go up one gear to secure first place in their respective Pools to make it to the knock-out stages.“There is hardly any room for error now but it’s great to see some Heineken Cup teams taking part in the quarter-finals. It makes the tournament more attractive for us because you get to compete against big squads. “The Heineken Cup is also one of the long sought after goals we set ourselves at Montpellier and since the club has never played in that competition it remains a massive ambition.“We may finally be able to get there, either by qualifying through the Amlin Challenge Cup or through our Top 14 ranking, which seems more likely seeing that we currently stand in third position. We take one game at a time and we’ll see where that takes us.“Now we start our two remaining Amlin Challenge Cup rounds with a trip to Newcastle. We will approach that game very cautiously because even though we beat them earlier in the season that does not mean we will repeat that performance and this time we are away from home. We will try to impose our game and we will keep in mind that we need to secure our first position in the table. TAGS: Newcastle Falcons last_img read more

England tour: Barbarians side built with entertainment in mind

first_imgEveryone – Lions included – should just enjoy this match for what it is: a pleasurable and accessible start to the international season.Let the games begin.Kick off at 1pm, Twickenham, Sunday May 26.TeamsEngland:Mike Brown; Christian Wade, Jonathan Joseph, Billy Twelvetrees, Marland Yarde; Freddie Burns, Richard Wigglesworth; Ben Morgan, Matt Kvesic, Tom Johnson; Dave Attwood, Joe Launchbury; David Wilson, Rob Webber (c), Alex CorbisieroSubs: David Paice, Joe Marler, Henry Thomas, Kearnan Myall, Billy Vunipola, Haydn Thomas, Jonny May, Kyle EastmondBarbarians:Elliot Daly (Wasps, UNCAPPED); Takudzwa Ngwenya (Biarritz, USA), Casey Laulala (Munster, New Zealand), Mike Tindall (c) (Gloucester, England), Timoci Nagusa (Montpellier, Fiji), James Hook (Perpignan, Wales), Dwayne Peel (Sale Sharks, Wales), Andrea Lo Cicero (Racing Metro, Italy), Matthew Rees (Scarlets, Wales), James Johnston (Harlequins, Samoa), Jim Hamilton (Gloucester, Scotland), Marco Wentzel (Wasps, South Africa), Alessandro Zanni (Treviso, Italy), Jonathan Poff (Wasps, UNCAPPED), Imanol Harinordoquy (Biarritz, France) Masterminds: Skipper Tindall and Dai Young will tell their Baabaa pals to remove the shackles for the England gameBy Alan DymockBEFORE THE compression socks are rolled on and the squad head towards a long-haul Monday flight to Hong Kong and the British and Irish Lions, the Barbarians have the small task of facing England at Twickenham.Great expectations: Wasps’ Christian WadeCoach Dai Young has selected a side to match the plucky, inexperienced England team and while they have opted for experience and caps throughout, they have also picked players capable of throwing the ball around in typical Baabaa fashion. With youth and excitement against wily old boys looking for a good time, entertainment is almost guaranteed.James Hook starts at fly-half opposite Freddie Burns. Timoci Nagusa is opposite Christian Wade and Takudzwa Ngwenya stands in front of Marland Yarde on the wings. Ben Morgan trots out against Imanol Harinordoquy. Casey Laulala marks Jonathan Joseph. Alex Corbisiero props against James Johnston.Everywhere you look there is youth and explosion against guile and some of the most impressive muscle memory in the game.As rugby goes, this match is almost an antidote to the serious affairs before it and after it. The Baabaas game on Sunday is played on the same pitch where, only 24 hours earlier, Leicester Tigers and Northampton Saints were trying to bludgeon each other. It comes just a week before the Lions play for the first time, facing a Barbarian XV with almost certainly more potential to play winning rugby.Wanting to “be counted”: Matthew ReesThat is not to say that the Barbarians team for the Twickenham game is deliberately weak, it is just that it is one pulled together to play a junior international side, while the highlight of the Baabaa summer will be the big one in Hong Kong. Some players will play in both games for the Barbarians, but not all of them will start.Matthew Rees told the press today that although facing England was big, it was all about the Lions for him and some of his chums.“There’s a few Welsh players here… who have probably missed out on the Lions tour,” he said.”We’ve got to hold our hands up and be counted, and there’s no better way than playing the Lions in Hong Kong.”Sunday will be a fun bit of preparation, though it may not be worthwhile for Warren Gatland and his boys to analyze it too much. There is this game and then suddenly Joe Rokocoko, Kahn Fotuali’I, B J Botha, Martin Castrogiovanni, Samu Manoa,
Francois Louw and
 Sergio Parisse come in for the Baabaas and others step up from the bench. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS CARDIFF, WALES – MARCH 12: Wales hooker Matthew Rees stretches during a Wales training session at the Vale on March 12, 2013 in Cardiff, Wales. (Photo by Harry Engels/Getty Images) Subs: Schalk Brits (Saracens, South Africa), Duncan Jones (Ospreys, Wales), Paul James (Bath, Wales), Dean Mumm (Exeter, Australia), Sam Jones (Wasps, UNCAPPED), Dimitri Yachvili (Biarritz, France), Nick Evans (Harlequins, New Zealand), Rowan Varty (DeA Tigers, Hong Kong)last_img read more

RIP: Richard Sui On Chang, fourth bishop of Hawaii

first_imgRIP: Richard Sui On Chang, fourth bishop of Hawaii Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Washington, DC The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ People Obituary, Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Judy Wright Mathews says: Director of Music Morristown, NJ Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Tags Submit an Event Listing Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Smithfield, NC September 7, 2017 at 2:06 pm I sent the following to “The Living Church” to correct the same mistake: “Thank you for the for note about our beloved late Bishop. As a slight correction to the article: Both Bishop Lani Hanchett (1919-1975), the 1st Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Hawaiʻi (1967-1975), and Bishop Richard Chang (1941-2017), the 4th Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Hawai’i (1997-2007), were born here in the Islands. Both were also graduates of ‘Iolani School, Honolulu. Bishop Hanchett was the first Native Hawaiian bishop in the Episcopal Church and Bishop Chang was first Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of Chinese ancestry. Mahalo, Robert Fitzpatrick, 5th Bishop of Hawaiʻi” Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS September 13, 2017 at 12:46 pm My dear d.–I am using this form of correspondence because of Hurricane Irma. I am now back in my home and can read this sad news of Dick’s death. Please accept my very deepest sympathy for your AND our loss. I will be in touch later with a more proper note of sympathy to you and your family.Love and care, Judy Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Robert L. Fitzpatrick says: Submit a Job Listing In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Rector Bath, NC AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Heather Mueller says: New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Shreveport, LA September 1, 2017 at 7:32 am My wife and I knew Dick and Dee for many years because of our many years in the diocese of Hawai’i, and we have great memories of that time. However, ENS is wrong about one thing. The first bishop who was “native to the islands” was Bishop Lani Hanchett who first was elected Suffragan Bishop and later Diocesan Bishop of Hawai’i. Lani was a native Hawaiian who was born and reared in the islands. Sadly, he died early of cancer in 1975 and was succeeded in 1976 by Ed Browining. Comments (4) Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Featured Events Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Youth Minister Lorton, VA Rector Belleville, IL Rector Knoxville, TN This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 House of Bishops, Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Associate Rector Columbus, GA Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Rector Pittsburgh, PA Rector Albany, NY Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Posted Aug 31, 2017 Rector Hopkinsville, KY Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Rector Martinsville, VA The Rev. Dr. Peter E. Van Horne says: Featured Jobs & Calls Course Director Jerusalem, Israel [Episcopal News Service] The Rt. Rev. Richard Sui On Chang, the fourth bishop of the Diocese of Hawaii, died Aug. 30 after a short illness.Chang served from 1997 to 2006 when he was succeeded by Robert L. Fitzpatrick, who had been his canon to the ordinary.He was the first Episcopal Church bishop of Chinese ancestry; he was born in Honolulu. Chang earned a Bachelor of Arts degree at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, and a Master of Divinity degree from Church Divinity School of the Pacific, the Episcopal seminary in Berkeley, California. He also studied at the University of Hawaii.George Richard Millard, the suffragan bishop of the Diocese of California, ordained Chang to the diaconate in March 1966. Then-Bishop of Hawaii Harry S. Kennedy ordained him to the priesthood six months later.Chang served in several roles in Hawaii before becoming the diocese’s archdeacon from 1970 to 1974. After the first bishop of Hawaii, the Rt. Rev. Edmond Browning, was installed as the Episcopal Church’s 24th presiding bishop, Chang served as his assistant. He was the executive officer of the diocese when Browning was bishop in Hawaii.Chang served for a time as vice president of the House of Bishops.He is survived by his wife, Delia Chang, and daughters Holly and Hannah. A celebration of Chang’s life is set for Sept. 17 at the Cathedral of St. Andrew, Honolulu. Family visitation is 2 p.m. – 4 p.m., followed by the service.Editor’s note: A previous version of this story incorrectly said Chang was the first Native Hawaiian bishop in the Episcopal Church. Bishop Lani Hanchett (1919-1975), the first bishop of Hawaii (1967-1975), was born in the Hawaiian Islands. Chang, who was born in Honolulu, was the first bishop of the Episcopal Church of Chinese ancestry. Curate Diocese of Nebraska Press Release Service Rector Collierville, TN Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Rector Tampa, FL Submit a Press Release August 31, 2017 at 7:34 pm Dear Dee,It was +Dick who invited me to Hawaii and opened the door to a wonderful life and ministry, which I enjoyed in the Aloha State. I am so grateful to you and to +Dick for all of the wonderful support and the ministries you both exercised in Hawaii and New York.May his soul and the souls of all the departed rest in Peace.Love, Heather Mueller+ Comments are closed. Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CAlast_img read more

Aquino House / Augusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño)

first_img 2006 CopyAbout this officeAugusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño)OfficeFollowProductsWoodSteelBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesCuernavacaWoodHousesMexicoPublished on May 31, 2008Cite: “Aquino House / Augusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño)” 31 May 2008. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodPanel Façade SystemSynthetics / AsphaltMitrexSolar RoofMetal PanelsAurubisPatinated Copper: Nordic Green/Blue/Turquoise/SpecialLinoleum / Vinyl / Epoxy / UrethaneTerrazzo & MarbleTerrazzo Flooring – Terroxy Resin SystemsMetal PanelsTrimoMetal Panel Finishes – ArtMePanels / Prefabricated AssembliesIsland Exterior FabricatorsMega-Panel Facade SystemsStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Iconic SeriesBricksFeldhaus KlinkerFacing Bricks – Waterstruck VascuWallcovering / CladdingLinvisibileLinvisibile Boiserie and Skirting Systems | OrizzonteMetal PanelsRHEINZINKPanel Systems – Horizontal PanelDoorsJansenFire Doors – Janisol 2 EI30 70 mmSlabs / Plates / SheetsMetadecorMetal Facade Blade – MD LamelMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/1635/aquino-house-augusto-fernandez-mas-ka-diseno Clipboard Aquino House / Augusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño) Houses CopyHouses•Cuernavaca, Mexico Projects Architects: Augusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño) Area Area of this architecture project Save this picture!+ 21 Share ArchDailycenter_img “COPY” Area:  490 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  “COPY” Aquino House / Augusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño)Save this projectSaveAquino House / Augusto Fernández Mas (K+A Diseño) Mexico ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/1635/aquino-house-augusto-fernandez-mas-ka-diseno Clipboard Text description provided by the architects. This single-family residence is located on a steeped lot in front of federal government lands and aside a river; it entailed a series of building and environmental restrictions. The sloped terrain made retaining walls necessary, as well as a drainage system to channel large amounts of rainwater. Save this picture!Recommended ProductsWoodEGGERLaminatesDoorsGorter HatchesRoof Hatch – RHT AluminiumRenders / 3D AnimationVectorworksVectorworks ArchitectDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Sliding Door – Rabel 62 Slim Super ThermalThe house is configured by orthogonal shapes and materials such as wood, stone and metal without artificial claddings. It stands with no protagonism against the rich and abundant surroundings. Save this picture!A series of spatial and comfort requirements led to juxtaposed concepts. The family wished for large open areas that could somehow, blend with the nature around, bluring the lines between “inside” and “outside”. Another request was an isolated studio with room for thousands of books, compact discs and LP’s, which must maintain related with the exterior. Save this picture!Double heights appear in the living room and the library. Materials remain simple with soft textures: calcareous stones, open pore marbles, tropical woods, steel, glass and concrete. The main intention was for each interior space to face the river or the old amate tree, which is located towards east and has a 30 meter extended foliage that appears to envelop the house. Save this picture!The small pool of stone and its red cedar surrounding pavement stands as the most intimate space concealed between the house and one of the perimeter retaining walls. The landscape was discreetly modified with punctual actions by Mario de la Garza and Daniel Aguilar. The vegetation includes different fruit species and centenary trees which influenced several decisions regarding the main volume design and its location.Save this picture!Project gallerySee allShow lessSheepstable / 70F ArchitectureSelected ProjectsPetter Dass Museum / SnøhettaSelected Projects Sharelast_img read more

Alta tecnología, baja remuneración y crisis capitalista

first_imgEl siguiente extracto (páginas 81-84) del libro “Capitalismo de bajos salarios” de Fred Goldstein, escrito en 2008, trata sobre el clásico e innovador trabajo de Sam Marcy “High-Tech, Low Pay”. Marcy, el fundador y líder teórico del Partido Workers World-Mundo Obrero, escribió HTLP en 1986 en medio de una furiosa reestructuración tecnológica llevada a cabo por la clase capitalista durante la presidencia de Ronald Reagan. El libro anunciaba el desarrollo del capitalismo en el siglo XXI. (HTLP se puede leer en línea en workers.org/marcy).El punto central de Marcy fue explicar la disminución de la tasa de ganancia como la fuerza motriz de la competencia capitalista, que empuja inevitablemente en la dirección de la crisis económica. También abordó los problemas resultantes que enfrenta la clase trabajadora.También es relevante el reciente artículo de Deirdre Griswold sobre cómo la sobreproducción capitalista está detrás de la actual turbulencia del mercado de valores y los temores de la clase dominante sobre una inminente crisis económica.El difunto Sam Marcy, presidente y fundador del Partido Workers World-Mundo Obrero, en un libro muy importante titulado “Alta tecnología, baja remuneración: un análisis marxista del carácter cambiante de la clase trabajadora”, publicado en 1986, analizó las primeras etapas de la revolución de la tecnología alta y su efecto en la clase obrera en los Estados Unidos.En una sección dedicada a su impacto en los sindicatos, trazó las fases del desarrollo de las fuerzas productivas bajo el capitalismo, desde la fase de fabricación por la cooperación simple hasta la revolución industrial y la maquinaria a gran escala hasta la producción en masa, principalmente la producción por líneas de ensamblaje a principios del siglo XX. Luego describió la fase de alta tecnología: “Esta etapa [de producción en masa] ahora ha dado paso a otra fase de desarrollo tecnológico. El período de producción en masa que comenzó con Ford y continuó durante un período de tiempo posterior a la Segunda Guerra Mundial se caracterizó por la expansión. Pero la etapa actual, la etapa científico-tecnológica, mientras continúa algunas de las tendencias anteriores del desarrollo, reduce la fuerza laboral.“Como todas las etapas previas del desarrollo capitalista, la fase actual se basa en la utilización de las/os trabajadores como fuerza de trabajo. Pero toda su tendencia es disminuir la fuerza laboral mientras se intenta aumentar la producción. La revolución tecnológica es, por lo tanto, un salto cuántico cuyos efectos devastadores requieren una estrategia revolucionaria para superarla”.Los estudios de Marx demostraron que el avance de la tecnología capitalista subordinaba cada vez más a los trabajadores a la máquina, hacía el trabajo más monótono, aumentaba la división del trabajo y reducía las habilidades de los trabajadores. El resultado final fue reducir los salarios de más y más trabajadoras/es al ponerlos en competencia entre sí, todo para aumentar las ganancias del capital. La revolución de la alta tecnología, demostró Marcy, ha coincidido completamente con el análisis de Marx.Marcy observó el declive de los empleos de manufactura y el crecimiento de los empleos de servicios. Pero no se limitó a hablar de ellos como una categoría burguesa. El principal aspecto del cambio de la manufactura al servicio fue, para la gran mayoría de las/os trabajadores forzados a este cambio, un cambio de los empleos con salarios altos a los empleos con salarios bajos.Cambió la composición social de la clase obreraMarcy promovió varias tácticas y estrategias para la lucha contra el asalto laboral, muchas de las cuales son completamente aplicables hoy en día. Pero también fueron importantes las observaciones sociológicas que hizo y las conclusiones políticas que sacó.“Es este cambio altamente significativo de pagos más altos a pagos más bajos lo que está cambiando dramáticamente la composición social de la clase trabajadora, aumentando enormemente la importancia de la llamada composición étnica de la clase trabajadora, es decir, el número de negras/os, latinas/os, asiáticas/os, mujeres y otros grupos oprimidos, particularmente los millones de trabajadoras/es indocumentados”.El cambio en la composición social de la clase trabajadora, tanto desde el punto de vista de la creciente importancia numérica de las/os oprimidos como de la preponderancia cada vez mayor de las/os trabajadores de bajos salarios sobre las/os trabajadores mejor pagados y más privilegiados, “importa mucho”, escribió Marcy, “porque en términos de lucha política, se establece la base objetiva para que el liderazgo político sea asumido por el segmento más numeroso de la clase”.Citando un artículo anterior que había escrito sobre el efecto de la alta tecnología sobre las/os trabajadores, Marcy escribió:“Lo que sucedió, particularmente en la última década, es que la velocidad misma de la introducción de la alta tecnología, de tipo muy sofisticado, ha socavado a los sectores privilegiados de la clase trabajadora (como los de acero y automóviles) a escala mundial”, y ha comenzado un proceso de nivelación que ha socavado el nivel de vida de la clase trabajadora en su conjunto. … “Si bien sigue causando estragos en el nivel de vida de las/os trabajadores, al mismo tiempo establece la base objetiva para la politización de las/os trabajadores, para moverse en una dirección más hacia la izquierda y para su organización a gran escala. La conciencia política que debe corresponder a las nuevas condiciones materiales de la vida se ha quedado atrás, como casi siempre lo hace”.La tendencia del imperialismo a elevar las capas privilegiadas de la clase trabajadora en el país, que Lenin había observado, ya estaba comenzando a contrarrestarse en la década de 1980 con la aplicación de automatización, robotización y nuevos procesos industriales, mini-molinos, etc. Las/os trabajadores mejor pagados en la industria pesada, como el acero, el automóvil, el caucho y la electricidad, los bastiones de la AFL-CIO, estaban siendo socavados por la tecnología capitalista y empujados a las industrias de servicios de bajos salarios o al desempleo a largo plazo.Marcy y otras/os comunistas esperaban con razón, que el asalto de la alta tecnología a las/os trabajadores llevaría a un aumento de la lucha de clases en un período cercano. La base de este pronóstico fue tanto subjetiva como objetiva.El proceso de empobrecimiento de la clase obrera proyectaría a los sectores más militantes de las/os trabajadores, mientras que el aumento de la productividad del trabajo produciría cada vez más productos básicos que serían cada vez más difíciles de vender en los limitados mercados capitalistas del mundo. Esto intensificaría la enfermedad capitalista clásica de la sobreproducción, aceleraría una crisis económica y estimularía la lucha de clases.Pero el colapso de la URSS transformó la situación mundial y pospuso las perspectivas inmediatas para la lucha de clases en los Estados Unidos y en el campo imperialista en su conjunto.Tasa de ganancia decreciente y crisis capitalistaEl trabajo de Marcy fue diseñado para mostrar la destrucción de los niveles de vida de la clase trabajadora provocada por el desarrollo de las fuerzas productivas, el cambio subsiguiente en la composición de la clase trabajadora y cómo estos desarrollos formaron la base para el resurgimiento revolucionario de la lucha de clases.Su enfoque estaba en la difusión de la tecnología por parte de la clase dominante dentro de los Estados Unidos. Analizó la reestructuración interna del capitalismo estadounidense y trazó las primeras etapas de la ampliación de la pauperización del proletariado.Marcy destacó las nuevas tendencias en el desarrollo del capitalismo en la era de la revolución científico-tecnológica. Explicó las leyes de su desarrollo que se derivan de las características más internas del capitalismo, tal como habían existido desde su creación: la lucha por aumentar la plusvalía y reducir a las/os trabajadores. Y describió sus efectos sobre las/os trabajadores y las/os oprimidos, enfatizando su efecto en los sindicatos.Al analizar el declive de los sindicatos y el auge de la tecnología, Marcy invocó la ley de Marx sobre la disminución de la tasa de ganancias. “La prensa burguesa está llena de maravillas de la alta tecnología y la introducción de robots en fábricas casi totalmente automatizadas. Pero no mencionan un elemento extremadamente importante en las leyes económicas del movimiento que gobierna a la sociedad capitalista: los robots no producen plusvalía.“Como demostró Marx hace mucho tiempo, la maquinaria o el capital constante es el resultado del trabajo pasado y la plusvalía pasada. Las ganancias no provienen de la propia maquinaria. Es el trabajo de un/a trabajador/a, conocido en términos marxistas como capital variable, el que produce plusvalía, del cual se derivan las ganancias. Las/os trabajadores producen un mayor valor del que reciben en salarios, y es la porción impaga de su trabajo la que produce plusvalía. Pero un robot no es un trabajador. Un robot es capital fijo o constante, que no produce ganancias. Sólo el trabajo humano no remunerado produce ganancias”.Todo el propósito de introducir una nueva tecnología es tener menos y menos trabajadores que produzcan cada vez más productos en un tiempo cada vez más corto. Pero la nueva tecnología suele ser muy costosa y el alto costo puede superar los ahorros en mano de obra. Dado que la tasa de ganancia se calcula dividiendo la ganancia total por la inversión total en capital constante y variable, es decir, en maquinaria y materias primas, así como en salarios, los nuevos medios costosos de producción reducen la tasa de ganancia.Los capitalistas que están dispuestos a gastar dinero en nuevas tecnologías antes de que sus rivales logran escapar temporalmente de este problema. De hecho, la nueva tecnología produce un gran salto en la cantidad de trabajo no pagado que se puede obtener de las/os trabajadores. Los capitalistas que lo obtienen primero obtienen súper ganancias, es decir, ganancias por encima del nivel de los capitalistas rivales que utilizan la tecnología más antigua. Los primeros capitalistas que usan la nueva tecnología venden al precio general de la mercancía o ligeramente por debajo de éste y siguen obteniendo ganancias extras.Siguiendo el argumento de Marx en “El Capital”, Marcy escribió:“Con menos trabajadoras/es y más capital constante, la composición orgánica del capital cambia, lo que resulta en una tasa de ganancia decreciente. Esta es una ley invariable del proceso de producción capitalista. No se puede evitar.“Cuanto más muerto o constante sea el capital y menos humano o capital variable utilizado en la producción, mayor será la composición orgánica del capital. Esto invariablemente conduce a una disminución en [la tasa de] ganancias.“A pesar de esto, los capitalistas individuales están obligados a sustituir la maquinaria de ahorro de mano de obra por trabajadoras/es porque les da una ventaja competitiva. Durante un período determinado, el capitalista que puede utilizar la nueva tecnología y reducir el costo de su producto puede disfrutar de una ganancia mayor porque el mercado refleja un costo generalizado aún basado en la tecnología anterior. Eventualmente, sin embargo, la nueva tecnología en sí se generaliza y la tasa de ganancia cae.“La ventaja para una composición más alta de capital constante [nueva tecnología – FG] es siempre temporal. Fomenta una competencia destructiva, en la que gran parte del equipo que aún podría ser socialmente útil se vuelve prematuramente obsoleto.“Para compensar la caída de la tasa de ganancia, los dueños se ven obligados a aumentar el volumen de ganancia. Esto solo puede hacerse incrementando aún más la producción”.Esto es lo que lleva a la sobreproducción capitalista y la crisis económica. Como señaló Marcy, “la automatización no resuelve el problema de la contradicción capitalista que conduce a la crisis económica. Por el contrario, lo exacerba precisamente debido a la disminución de la tasa de ganancia”.Marcy estaba escribiendo antes de la nueva fase de reestructuración global, pero la esencia de su análisis marxista se aplica completamente a la actual competencia salarial mundial generada por los capitalistas.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

“Reconsider Your Decision”: SC Allows Centre 4 Weeks For ‘Comprehensive Re-look’ On Presidential Order Excluding Assam From ‘Inner Line Permit’ Area

News Updates”Reconsider Your Decision”: SC Allows Centre 4 Weeks For ‘Comprehensive Re-look’ On Presidential Order Excluding Assam From ‘Inner Line Permit’ Area Sanya Talwar31 Aug 2020 1:51 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Monday adjourned the plea challenging the Adaptation of Laws (Amendment) Order 2019, whereby the State of Assam has been excluded from Inner Line Area, in light of the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019.A bench of Chief Justice SA Bobde, AS Bopanna & V. Ramasubramaniun allowed the Centre four weeks on the Attorney General’s request. AG KK Venugopal stated that the Centre…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Monday adjourned the plea challenging the Adaptation of Laws (Amendment) Order 2019, whereby the State of Assam has been excluded from Inner Line Area, in light of the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019.A bench of Chief Justice SA Bobde, AS Bopanna & V. Ramasubramaniun allowed the Centre four weeks on the Attorney General’s request. AG KK Venugopal stated that the Centre was having a comprehensive re-look at the law and required some time.CJI SA Bobde stated “We want to hear this matter. Even in the Kashmir issue, the same point was involved. Please reconsider your decision. We were going to do that in the final hearing also”This is a Presidential Order, notified on December 11, 2019.On June 3, the top court had refused to stay the 2019 Presidential Order, whereby the State of Assam has been excluded from Inner Line Area, in light of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), 2019. The bench had however issued notice on the plea and sought the Centre’s response.It is pertinent to note that under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, most parts of Assam could be notified as Inner Line Area by the State Government, to safeguard tribal interests. This, read with Section 6B(4) of the Citizenship Act 1955 inserted through Section 3 of the CAA, would have helped the State government of Assam to protect its indigenous people by not allowing migrants to intrude in the State.Section 6B(4) exempts Inner Line Notified Areas under Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 from the application of Section 6B of the CAA (under which Citizenship will be granted).However, vide the impugned Presidential Order the government has deprived the State of Assam from the applicability of Section 6B(4), that too just one day prior to the enactment of the CAA, 2019.In this backdrop, the Petitioner submitted,”It was well known fact to the Central Government that the State of Assam is facing tremendous problem due to huge influx of illegal immigrants and under such a situation bringing Adaptation of Laws (Amendment) Order 2019 so as to deprive the State of Assam from the applicability of Section 6B (4) of the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 is in sheer violation of Articles 14, 21, 29, 325, 326 and 355 of the Constitution of India.”They added,”the problem of Assam due to the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 could have been avoided by bringing Assam into “The Inner Line” area. However the Central Government in a most arbitrary manner removed the name of Assam from the Regulation apparently to deprive the State of Assam from availing any such benefits to get rid of the present chaotic situation.”It has been contended that impugned Presidential Order, passed under Article 372 (2) of the Constitution is anyhow unconstitutional and illegal as by virtue of Article 372 (3)(a), the power of the President under Article 372 (2) has become obsolete after 1953.Article 372(3)(a) states,”Nothing in clause (2) shall be deemed to empower the President to make any adaptation or modification of any law after the expiration of three years from the commencement of this Constitution.”The Petitioner organization has further argued that the explicit objective of Section 6B(4) is to constitutionally protect indigenous people in North Eastern states. Nevertheless, various Districts, which form part of 90% of the present State of Assam, have been substituted to the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and area of districts of State of Nagaland. This implies that the entire states of Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur have been excluded from having to grant citizenship to any persons from Bangladesh, Afghanistan or Pakistan under the CAA; whereas, the state of Assam has been exposed to the threat of “massive influx” of migrants.This, the Petitioner has contended, is arbitrary, since this geographical classification completely overlooks the “rational nexus with the policy and objects of the Act”.It has also been argued that the CAA in itself is an “absurd” Act inasmuch as the standard of proving citizenship therein is a “self declaration form”.”If this procedure is adopted to consider the citizenship of a illegal immigrant then any person can enter anytime into India and claim citizenship. Even any other person who does not fall in the definition of the amended Act can change his name and swear a false affidavit,” they contended.The Petitioner organization pointed out that the CAA is ultra vires Article 21 of the Constitution, inasmuch the lives and liberty of the Citizens of Assam will be affected adversely by the massive influx of illegal immigrant as citizens of India.”The State of Assam has repeatedly witnessed ethnic clashes and violence leading to loss of human lives and destruction of properties. The State is unable to ensure the safety and security of its inhabitants thereby resulting in a direct infringement of Article 21 of the Constitution of India,” the plea read.The Petitioner added,”As as a result of this grant of citizenship the indigenous people of Assam will be reduced to a minority in their home State and the Central Government in an absolutely arbitrary and illegal manner brought the impugned to Adaptation of Laws (Amendment) Order, 2019 to completely handicap the State of Assam. Their cultural survival will be in jeopardy, their political control will be a weakened and their employment opportunities will be undermined,” the plea read.Reliance was placed on Sarbananda Sonowal v. Union of India, (2005) 5 SCC 665, wherein the Apex Court had observed that “Article 29(1) confers a Fundamental Right on all sections of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own to conserve the same and any invasion of this ‘ Right would be ultra-vires.”The Petitioner pleaded that by promulgating the impugned Act, the government has failed to discharge its duty under Article 355 of the Constitution to take all measures for protection of the State and it rather undermines the interest of people of Assam. The Petitioner added that the Act also violates Article 325 and 326 of the Constitution as it dilutes the political rights of the citizens of Assam.Under these circumstances, the Petitioner has sought that the impugned Presidential Order be declared arbitrary and ultra vires the Constitution, so as to bring the districts of Assam under the Inner Line Area.In the interim, the Petitioner has sought that the operation of the impugned Presidential Order be stayed, so that during the pendency of the case the State Government of Assam enjoys the liberty to notify “The Inner Line” Area in Assam too so as to protect the State of Assam and its people from the grave effect of Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019.The petition has been filed by Advocate-On-Record Kaushik Choudhury and Nicholas Choudhury.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story read more

Best Workforce Development Award Goes to USS Gettysburg

first_img View post tag: News by topic December 12, 2014 View post tag: best The guided-missile cruiser USS Gettysburg (CG 64) was recognized, along with three other organizations, as the winner of the 2014 Best Workforce Development Program in the U.S. Government award, Dec. 1.The eighth-annual award was sponsored by the Human Capital Management for Government (HCMG) Training Series, which recognizes the best programs across all the agencies in the federal government for advancing opportunities for high-performing employees, workforce development and innovation.Gettysburg was the only operational unit in the U.S. military among this year’s finalists.In 2013, Gettysburg was recognized by the fleet commander with the Battenberg Cup, awarded annually to the best all-around ship, submarine and aircraft carrier in the fleet.Also, Gettysburg Sailors achieved triple the Navywide advancement rate for chief petty officers. In 2014, 96 percent of the crew was advanced to the next pay grade, recognized with a personal award or earned a warfare qualification. Ninety-nine percent of the ship’s petty officers earned their warfare qualifications on deployment, and every Gettysburg officer is warfare qualified.Homeported in Mayport, Florida, Gettysburg is in the middle of an 11-month maintenance period, which will include significant upgrades to its hull and engineering plant.[mappress mapid=”14703″]Press release, Image: US Navy View post tag: development View post tag: americas USS Gettysburg Wins Best Workforce Development Program Award View post tag: wins Share this articlecenter_img Authorities Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Gettysburg Wins Best Workforce Development Program Award View post tag: program View post tag: USS Gettysburg View post tag: Navy View post tag: Workforce View post tag: Navallast_img read more

USS Fort Worth docks in Phuket, Thailand

first_img View post tag: U.S. Navy Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Fort Worth docks in Phuket, Thailand Authorities January 5, 2016 The U.S. Navy’s third littoral combat ship USS Fort Worth (LCS 3) arrived in Phuket, Thailand for the first time December 30 for a scheduled port visit.The ship’s crew participated in a community service event, and the ship’s Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) program representative informed Sailors about opportunities for tours.William Petri, Fort Worth’s MWR representative, explained: “One of the advantages of LCS is that we have a small crew and it opens up more affordable and diverse options when we pull into port because we don’t need to book tours for large groups of Sailors. Unlike larger platforms, we have a relatively smaller footprint and that allows us to collectively experience more.”In an effort to increase integration between the U.S. and partner nations in Southeast Asia, Fort Worth embarked one naval officer from Sri Lanka and one coast guard officer from the Maldives prior to making the transit to Phuket. The embarked officers stood watch with the crew of Fort Worth and participated in underway operations, gaining firsthand knowledge of what life is like on the Navy’s newest class of ship.Fort Worth is the second LCS to deploy as part of an initiative for up to four rotational deployments of these ships simultaneously to U.S. 7th Fleet in the coming years. Fast, agile and mission-focused, littoral combat ships are designed to operate in near shore environments and employ modular mission packages that can be configured for surface warfare, mine countermeasures or anti-submarine warfare.[mappress mapid=”17572″]center_img USS Fort Worth docks in Phuket, Thailand View post tag: USS Fort Worth Share this articlelast_img read more