Share this article View post tag: UK View post tag: Dutch wind farms View post tag: Hunters UK: Merlin Sub Hunters Go Dutch View post tag: go View post tag: Navy View post tag: Dutch View post tag: Merlin Back to overview,Home naval-today UK: Merlin Sub Hunters Go Dutch View post tag: Defense Training & Education View post tag: Naval Whilst visiting Royal Naval establishment across the UK, Officers from the Royal Netherlands Navy’s called into Royal Naval Air Station Culdrose for a briefing with ‘Sub-Hunting Aircrew’ on tactics and procedures.The Dutch Navy’s Principle Warfare Officers Submarines – PWO (SM) Course visited 824 Naval Air Squadron for a look around the Merlin MK 2 and had discussions with the helicopters aircrew on tactics and techniques used by the Fleet Air Arms latest Submarine hunter.“When these Dutch submariners complete their course they will be responsible to their Boats Captain for knowing the capabilities of Anti Submarine Helicopters,” said Lieutenant Martin Young, Helicopter Warfare Officer on 824 NAS.“As a NATO partner they could eventually have to rely on RN Helicopters during Operations; these visits have benefits for everybody.”When qualified they will become the main tactician on board their submarine and have to use all aspects of war fighting to avoid detection.During their nationwide visit they will take part in discussions and exchange experiences with British submariners and aircrew on how each other operate.As the home of helicopter anti-submarine warfare, 824 NAS hosted their visit, briefing them on how helicopters are employed to try and sink submarines.Lt Martin Young continues, “The Dutch are a very close ally and visits are often reciprocated with our courses in Holland, we train together regularly on exercise serials with Flag Officer Sea Training (FOST) out of Devonport and Exercise Joint Warrior in Scotland.”[mappress]Press Release, October 29, 2013; Image: Royal Navy View post tag: sub View post tag: News by topic October 29, 2013 View post tag: Defence
The best region in the world in terms of extra virgin olive oil is again Istria, for the fourth time in a row. The Tourist Board of the Istrian County has been coordinating Istrian olive growers from the very beginning and is considered a link between the oil mill and the Roman publishing house. “The Extra Virgin Olive Oil Road project demonstrates the success of private-public cooperation in the best possible way. The public sector has provided the environment and conditions for raising new plantations. Tourism has recognized the extraordinary potential in all this. He initiated education, public opinion, designed and organized a tourist product, and put Istrian olive growers in a position to show the world with their knowledge, effort and innovation that Istrian extra virgin olive oil is one of the world’s top extra quality. And not only that, nowhere in the world is there in such a small area as Istria, so many beautiful, well-equipped and professionally organized and guided olive itineraries that are today a real tourist attractionSaid the director of the Istria County Tourist Board Denis Ivošević. Among 500 EDMU in the world, 15,8% come from Istria, and in the TOP / 20 Oleum Maris from Vodnjan was named the best “company on the rise” in the world Istrian olive growers are in the company of exactly 500 of the best olive oils in the world, which means that Istria has a share of as much as 15,8 percent in the world production of premium extra virgin olive oils. A total of 79 Istrian olive growers are included in the prestigious guide Flos Olei 2019 It is an immeasurable success for Istria, where the tradition of olive growing has lasted for more than two millennia, and this kind of global success certainly contributes to the branding of Istria as a gastronomic destination. Yesterday in Motovun, at the Wine & Heritage Hotel Roxanich, a presentation and distribution of the Flos Olei 2019 guide was held, where for the fourth year in a row Istria was declared the best olive growing region in the world. The popular publication Flos Olei 2019, which is considered the bible of extra virgin olive oils, includes 81 oils from Croatia, of which as many as 79 samples are from Istria, and two from Dalmatia. Interestingly, most olive growers achieved better results compared to the previous year, which is evidence of significant work on raising the quality and application of the latest scientific and technological achievements in olive growing. Marco Oreggia, founder and publisher of the famous Flos Olei guide and one of the most influential opinion leaders on extra virgin olive oils, said Floe Olei’s guide to the world of extra virgin olive oil has reached its tenth birthday and kept an intact view of high quality extra virgin olive oil. oil. “It has been 15 years since Istria debuted in our guide. These were years of great growth, thanks to a vital institutional impulse that recognized the potential and valorized the sector by supporting and monitoring producers, either in the process of recovering a tradition that is firmly rooted in Istria, or in improving quality levels. Today we can say that family farms have finally blossomed: plantations are expanding and growing, and investments in technology are also significant. They used to be small family farms, which gradually became and are becoming larger and more structured companies able to increase their production and present themselves on international markets. “Said Orreggia and concluded that Croatia, which is almost entirely represented by the Istrian region, so small compared to traditionally productive giants, is definitely becoming visible in scope and in its entirety is presented as a reality of high quality. Finally, it should be emphasized that the recent Istrian extra virgin olive oil is protected by a label of origin at the EU level. More on that in the attachment. Attachment: EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL “ISTRIA” PROTECTED AT THE LEVEL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
By John BurtonRUMSON – When it comes to her work with the Horizons student enrichment program, Lore Macdonald just doesn’t talk the talk – she truly walks the walk.Macdonald, a Rumson resident, who co-founded the program at Rumson Country Day School 18 summers ago, previously served as the board president and is still a member of the board. She was associated with Horizons, a national program, in New Canaan, Conn., before it was established in Rumson. Last week, Macdonald was recognized for her dedication to the program when she was named a New Jersey Hero last week by first lady Mary Pat Christie.“It does give me profound joy,” Macdonald said of her involvement with the program. “It is something that I’ll leave this world knowing I did a little bit of good, I had some impact on the lives of a lot of people.”The Rumson Horizons program, one of 33 programs across the country and one of two in New Jersey, is a six-week program July through mid-August for at-risk children, primarily from Red Bank. Aimed at allowing the kids to continue their education and remain engaged, it is a fun, activities-filled way to learn while off from school.The idea, said Lori Hohenleitner, the program’s executive director, is to combat what educators have labeled “summer slide,” during which students out of the classroom for the summer lose educational ground. Studies show that it can be particularly true for low-income students, who haven’t the same opportunities as their wealthier counterparts to remain engaged when school is out.“It does help them go back to school without having lost much,” Macdonald said.The program has had about 2,000 children participate over the years, with 125 students enrolled this summer, according to Robin Schemen, president of Horizon’s Rumson board and a member of the program’s national board.The program is open to children who have completed kindergarten and allows them to be part of the program up until the summer after they complete eighth grade. Horizons, which costs $50 for the six weeks, is available to students who qualify for free or reduced cost lunch programs in their public schools.The program uses a hands-on approach to teaching, tying lessons with projects the children take on to realworld circumstances.“Everything is very hands on,” Schemen said.Along with that, kids have a chance to go to the Community YMCA, 166 Maple Ave., Red Bank, where they get to swim or take swimming lessons just about every day.Swimming is not simply a recreational outlet, Hohenleitner stressed. “We feel if kids learn confidence in the pool, not only is that a life skill, but they’re also able to translate that to the classroom.”For Macdonald, the program offers so much to the children and their families that is “so obviously successful … It really is a no-brainer.“This is wonderful for kids, because it’s a different kind of learning experience,” she said.Macdonald’s appreciation for what the program has meant to many and her experience goes back a long time. The Horizons program began in the 1970s at the New Canaan Country School, New Canaan, Conn., where Macdonald grew up and was a student. In the late ‘70s she spent a couple of summers working as a teacher for the program and began her firsthand experience with it. When the program was first proposed for the Rumson Country Day School, she strongly supported it and involved herself in establishing it, working with staff and students and serving as board president for 13 years.“I think I did a little bit of everything,” since the summer of 1996, when it started, she said.“She spearheaded the program,” said Chad Small, Rumson Country Day’s headmaster. “She remains its heart and soul.”Macdonald, who married just six days after graduating college and raised four children, all going to Rumson Country Day, sees the promise in the children who have been involved in the program. “It has been a rewarding experience for me,” she said. “Getting to know the children and the families, for me was huge.”It also has been a great experience for board members and those who have volunteered, she said. “They really take away a lot.”Another nice part is still having a chance to see some of the students – who go to high school and beyond – talk about their experiences and what it meant to them. “I’m just goofy enough that they remember me,” she joked about running into former students. But she added, “I love it. They always say hello and tell me what they’re up to. It’s a nice feeling for me.”The next chapter for Macdonald and others associated with the program is to continue it for the high school years. She believes the idea of extending education into the summer is something that goes beyond just the Horizons program and should be adopted by more schools and districts.“It’s just a smart thing to do,” she said.
KHL Medvescak Zagreb now meets HC Salavat Yulaev Ufa in quarterfinal action at the 2015 Spengler Cup in Davos, Switzlerland after dropping a 1-0 decision to the host club Sunday in round robin action.The winner of the Monday contest advances to the semi final round.Kinrade, KHL Medvescak Zagreb drop 3-1 decision to Team Canada at Spengler CupTeam Canada scored twice in the first period to defeat KHL Medvescak Zagreb 3-1 in Spengler Cup action Saturday in Davos, Switzerland.Nelson Minor Hockey grad Geoff Kinrade plays defence for KHL Medvescak Zagreb.Bud Holloway, Stefano Giliati and Alexandre Giroux scored to give Team Canada a 3-0 lead after two periods.Pascal Pelletier scored the lone goal for KHL Medvescak Zagreb.KHL Medvescak Zagreb plays host HC Davos Sunday in the final round robin game. HC Davos opened the tournament with a 2-1 win over Team Canada.Kinrade’s squad needs to win to advance to the playoff round in the tournament.Nelson’s Geoff Kinrade back at Spengler CupNelson Minor Hockey grad Geoff Kinrade is back playing at the Spengler Cup in Davos, Switzerland.However, the six-foot, 195-pound Nelson Leafs product is not playing on Team Canada this time around.The smooth skating defenceman is anchoring the blueline for Medvescak Zagreb’s Bears. Kinrade, 28, signed this fall with Medvescak of the Russian Kontinental Hockey League after three seasons with SC Bern of the Swiss Nationaliga. This will be Zagreb’s Bears’ first time taking part in this tournament.First round opponents include Swiss A-leaguers and last year’s Cup winners HC Geneve-Servette and Team Canada, a team comprised heavily of Canadian players who play in Europe.On the other side of the draw is the KHL’s Salavat Yulaev from Ufa, Finland’s Jokerit Helsinki and home team HC Davos.For Kinrade, this is the third time playing in the Spengler Cup — the first two for Team Canada.During his inaugural stint, Kinrade was part of the 2012 Spengler Cup Championship team.The former Kootenay International Junior Hockey League rearguard with the Nelson Leafs was one of the unsung defenders called upon by Hockey Canada due to a shortage of Canadian defencemen playing in Europe at that time.The team was bolstered by a huge NHL contingent of Jason Spezza, Patrice Bergeron, John Tavares, Tyler Seguin, Jonathan Bernier, Carlo Colaiacovo, Devan Dubnyk, Sam Gagner, Matt Duchene, Cam Barker and Captain Canada Ryan Smyth. The players were available due to the NHL lockout.Kinrade has enjoyed an illustrious career playing in Europe after spending two seasons in the American Hockey League with the Ottawa Senators farm team, Binghamton Sens, winning the Calder Cup in 2011.After graduating from college hockey at Michigan Tech, Kinrade played ten games with the Norfolk Admirals after signing a free agent contract and made his NHL debut on April 9, 2009 for Tampa against the Washington Capitals.The Spengler Cup is an international hockey tournament with a long tradition since 1923.Along with the Stanley Cup is the oldest championship in the world. The Cup is played for every year in Davos, Switzerland, in the time between Christmas and New Year. It is organized by A-leaguers Davos, and 2014 will see its 88th edition. Only teams that are invited can take part, and six teams fight for the trophy.Throughout all of the years of the Spengler Cup, which got its name from doctor Carl Spengler, numerous clubs from around the world have taken part, and the most wins go to the home team: Davos-15, followed b y Team Canada-12.Kinrade’s Zagreb’s Bears play the loser between HC Davos and Team Canada Saturday before meeting the winner Sunday.The top teams advance to the semi finals Tuesday with the final set New Years Eve.For more information check out the Spengler Cup website.
Arcata >> In the games following their previous four losses, the Humboldt Crabs were able to bounce back right away and start another winning streak.On Friday night, a different kind of streak started.For the first time all summer, the Crabs have lost back-to-back games, as the uber-talented Pacific Union Financial Capitalists were able to claim a 4-1 win over Humboldt in front of a packed house at the Arcata Ball Park.“[Starting pitcher Jeffrey Kersten] gave us every opportunity to win that …
26 May 2014 Bafana Bafana, without the services of many of their big-name players, held Australia to a 1-1 draw in a friendly international at the ANZ Stadium in Sydney on Monday. An enthusiastic crowd of over 50 000 witnessed the match, which served as a Fifa World Cup send-off for the Socceroos. The contest got off to a lively start, with both teams showing a willingness to move the ball around the park quickly, with the Australians enjoying the better of the territorial battle. In the eighth minute the first shot on goal forced South African goalkeeper Senzo Meyiwa into a good save. Tommy Oar let fly from outside the box and a deflection meant Meyiwa had to dive to his left at full stretch to knock the ball behind for a corner.Sharp reflexes From the corner, Seyiwa exhibited sharp reflexes to parry a powerful header from Matthew Leckie. The ball was cleared , but the Aussies quickly surged back onto the attack and Oar once more tested Meyiwa with a low shot from distance. The home team was enjoying success in turning over possession by pressing high on the Bafana Bafana defenders, who were finding it difficult to penetrate the pressure exerted by the Australian forwards and midfield. James Troisi tried to test Meyiwa with a shot from 20 metres out, striking the ball sweetly with his left foot, but the shot was always rising and flew over the top of the Bafana Bafana goal.Bafana Bafana goal Shortly after that, however, South Africa stunned Australia with a superb goal on the counter-attack. Attacking down the left flank, Thulani Serero picked out Tokelo Rantie, who timed his run perfectly. Rantie cut inside a defender, then cut in once more, but his shot was blocked. He then dropped the ball back to Ayanda Patosi and the Belgian-based player steered the ball low and accurately into goalkeeper Matthew Ryan’s left-hand corner to put Bafana Bafana ahead. Almost immediately, though, Australia drew level. Meyiwa failed to deal with a speculative cross from the left and Australian captain Tim Cahill just beat him to the ball to head home and make it 1-1 mere moments after they had fallen behind. It was his record 32nd goal for the Aussies. Australian opportunities The Socceroos had another opportunity to score in the 17th minute, but Meyiwa dived to his right to parry Cahill’s left-footed effort. After Matthew Leckie made good ground down the right flank, Erick Mathoho hacked the ball clear, but Mark Milligan met the ball powerfully with a drive that again forced a good stop out of Meyiwa. Oar then scooped the ball over the crossbar as the Australians kept up the pressure on Gordon Igesund’s charges. A poor clearance from Ryan almost led to Serero being played in for South Africa, but the Australian central defenders closed on the Ajax Amsterdam star from both sides to knock the ball clear. In the 26th minute, the referee showed a yellow card to James Holland after Serero, who had been the victim of a number of tough tackles, was the victim one too many times.Midfield battle Then the contest moved to the midfield for the next 15 minutes, which allowed Bafana Bafana to come more into it, with their passing becoming more cohesive. Serero almost broke through the Australian defence just before the break, but his run onto a short pass led to to a heavy first touch and the ball went behind for a goal kick. When the half-time whistle sounded, the Socceroos had dominated the first half possession and shots, unfortunately the fouls too, but the scoreboard read Australia 1, South Africa 1.Second half The second half began with a change for both sides, with Bongani Zungu on for Thuso Phala and Matt McKay replacing James Troisi. In the second minute after the restart, Patosi fired narrowly wide of Ryan’s left-hand post from long range, unleashing a swerving shot that swung just away from goal. The Australians were then forced into a change when Ivan Franjic, who was ironically injured by his team-mate Jason Davidson, left the field. Luke Wilkshire took over from him. Matthew Leckie found space down the South African right flank after Bafana conceded possession in midfield, but he dragged his shot and Meyiwa, in goal, was not required to make a save.Skied shot After putting some pressure on the Australians, Tokelo Rantie managed to get a shot away from a narrow angle on the right. He skied it, however, and was immediately replaced by Siphelele Mthembu, leaving the field holding his right groin. Captain Tim Cahill, the scorer of Australia’s goal, then ended his day, with debutant Ben Halloran coming on for the star skipper. The sudden flood of substitutes continued shortly after that when Patosi, the scorer of the opening goal, left the field, replaced by Themba Zwane.Dragged wide Zungu managed a snap shot from just inside the Socceroos’ box after the ball went loose from a cross from the right, but he dragged his left-footed shot wide of Ryan’s left-hand post. With 20 minutes to go, Dario Vidosic took over from Tommy Oar, who had been so impressive in the early going for Australia. The match lacked the spark and the thrust of the first half and both defences were finding it more comfortable to deal with the challenges thrown down to them by the opposing attacks. When Serero managed a shot, it was hurried and under pressure, and the ball flew high and harmless over the goal.Frustration Leckie showed some frustration 10 minutes from time when he earned a yellow card for a poor tackle from behind. Australia, though, could not find the energy and pace they had shown when they dominated the opening 25 minutes of the contest. Halloran managed a long range, low shot, but Meyiwa was not tested, getting his body behind the ball and going down low to easily gather it in. Ngconga was then shown a yellow card by the referee, although he was less than impressed by the decision.Rolled the dice Coach Ange Postecoglou rolled the dice late in the clash by sending on Josh Kennedy for the hard-working Matthew Leckie in an effort to find a winner for the Socceroos. With only six minutes remaining on the clock, he had little time to add to his 17 international goals. Vidosic was on the end of a testing cross with only two minutes showing on the clock, but he pushed a defender down in his efforts to get up to meet the ball with his head and the referee awarded South Africa a free kick.Four minutes added on Four minutes was added on at the end of the regulation time and the Aussies nearly found a winner when a looping header passed just wide of Meyiwa’s left-hand post. South African coach Gordon Igesund, though, slowed the game down by sending on Siyabonga Nhlapho for Thulani Serero and the match petered out into a draw.A hard-earned and deserved draw The Socceroos owned the first 25 minutes of the showdown, but once Bafana Bafana had settled down the contest was reasonably even and they came away with a hard-earned and deserved draw. They next face New Zealand in Auckland on 30 May.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A fairly common question this time of year — where I have planted cover crops, do I still need a fall herbicide treatment to help manage marestail? The underlying premise here is that where a cover crop develops enough biomass to adequately cover the ground by late fall, it can contribute substantial suppression/control of marestail. Grass covers seem to be most effective at suppressing marestail, as long as they are planted early enough in fall to develop this type of biomass. Grass covers can also be treated postemergence in the fall with several broadleaf herbicides, while this is not possible in covers that contain broadleaf crops – legumes, radish, etc. There are no hard and fast rules with regard to this situation but here are some things to think about:– Herbicide options for cereal rye and wheat covers generally include all of the typical postemergence herbicides that are labeled for fall use in small grains — 2,4-D, dicamba, 2,4-D/dicamba premix, Huskie, etc. We do not recommend use of 2,4-D in fall on small grains grown for yield because of the potential for crop injury and yield loss. However, we have applied 2,4-D to cereal rye and ryegrass in our research, and either injury did not occur or was minor enough that we did not detect it. Yield is a not a factor for cover crops anyway. Late-planted rye and wheat, which would be less developed at the time of application, may be more sensitive to 2,4-D injury.– Do not apply dicamba or 2,4-D around the time of planting due to risk of injury. Delay applications until cover has at least a few inches of growth. It is possible to make a preemergence application of glyphosate plus Sharpen, and Sharpen alone could work if marestail is the only weed of concern.Decisions about whether to treat a cover yet this fall should probably be based on several factors and how they affect cover crop development and marestail control: date of cover planting — earlier is better; seeding rate — higher is better; row spacing — narrower is better; ground cover — more is better (or less bare ground observed is better); overall cover biomass — more is better. Some of these factors are related of course. A higher seeding rate may net be needed to obtain adequate ground cover when planting early, but it could help in later planting. Even where the cover is optimized, fall application may be the safe strategy in fields with a history of dense marestail infestations that always seem to be a problem to control.Spring burndown management can also have a role in the fall herbicide decision. In our research in soybeans, maximum suppression of marestail often occurred when the cover crop kill in spring was delayed until close to planting, compared with early April, where we had substantial fall biomass. At one site however, the rye did not provide near as much suppression, and marestail control was maximized by applying in April, when marestail were smaller and more sensitive to 2,4-D. So it’s possible to compensate for the lack of a fall herbicide treatment by applying the burndown earlier, or by applying a more aggressive burndown treatment. For example, using dicamba in the soybean spring burndown/residual treatment will often result in more effective control compared with 2,4-D. Preemergence yuse of dicamba in Xtend soybeans also allows application of the burndown anytime before crop emergence if that’s the way a grower wants to manage the rye. Bottom line – relying on 2,4-D still in the spring burndown might sway the decision toward still treating in fall, while relying on dicamba could sway the decision the other way, all other factors being equal.In summary, factors allowing for greatest possibility of skipping application of fall herbicides to the cover crop: 1) earliest possible cover planting and development of substantial fall growth that prevents bare ground; 2) use of more effective spring burndown herbicides; and 3) fields with low marestail populations.
audrey watters A security company that’s been working with the government to track down the cyber-activists involved with Anonymous has now become the target of that very group. HBGary‘s website has been defaced and its CEO Aaron Barr has had his social media accounts hijacked and his personal information leaked online – all in retribution for his claims that he had infiltrated Anonymous, the loosely-affiliated collective of hacktivists.The actions by Anonymous follow a recent story in The Financial Times in which Barr claimed that he had “penetrated Anonymous as part of a project to demonstrate the security risks to organisations from social media and networking.” In the article, Barr identified people he said were key members of the Anonymous “hierarchy,” including a co-founder in the U.S. and leaders in Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy and Australia. Barr claimed he had discovered these individuals’ identities via Facebook and Internet Relay Chat (IRC).Anonymous dispute Barr’s findings, claiming the group has no such hierarchy or leadership. Anonymous also contends that Barr was poised to sell some of this data to the FBI. Law enforcement in the U.S. and Europe have been tracking Anonymous, with several arrests made late last month.In a very tongue-in-cheek press release on the AnonNews site, Anonymous writes that “Mr Barr has successfully broken through our over 9000 proxy field and into our entirely non-public and secret insurgent IRC lair, where he then smashed through our fire labyrinth with vigor, collected all the gold rings on the way, opened a 50 silver key chest to find Anon’s legendary hackers on steroids password.”Less tongue-in-cheek, the hacking of Barr’s social media accounts and the hijacking of HBGary’s website. Tweets from Barr’s hacked account include links to torrents of over 50,000 HBGary emails. The tweets also claim that hackers have full administrative access to the company’s website, all its financials, and its software products. HBGary founder Greg Hoglund has told Krebs on Security that Anonymous “didn’t just pick on any company, but we try to protect the US government from hackers. They couldn’t have chosen a worse company to pick on.” For its part, Anonymous contends that HBGary couldn’t have picked a worse group to pick on. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#NYT#security#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
RELATED ARTICLES South-Facing Skylights: Threat or Menace?The Pros and Cons of SkylightsMartin’s Ten Rules of Roof DesignA Passivhaus-Certified Skylight Hits the U.S.GBA Encyclopedia: SkylightsTubular Skylights Introduce Daylight to Dark HomesFine Homebuilding: Tubular Skylights: Gimmick or Good Idea?Prevent Ice Dams With Air Sealing and InsulationAll About Attic Venting Why do I hate skylights? Because I’ve rarely seen one that isn’t either causing a problem or in the process of causing one. They fall squarely into a category with recessed lights and cathedral ceilings: Homeowners love them and energy pros come to loathe them.They lead to uncomfortable conversations that can be summarized as: Yes, they’re a problem; no, they can’t be easily fixed. Let’s put one in the bathroomSkylights are often installed in bathrooms — another nightmare scenario. The appeal is understandable. Much of a bathroom’s wall space is already spoken for with cabinets, tiles, toilets, towel racks, etc. So there is nowhere to add a window to provide some natural light. Besides, who would honestly want a window in your bathroom?Instead, designers add natural light by cutting a giant hole through the thermal envelope — in an ultra-high humidity environment.On an even somewhat cold day, the skylight interior will dip below the dew point, condensing all that 100% relative humidity shower steam. Lots of condensation plus lots of cracks equals incipient moisture problems. The problemThink of skylights as windows installed at an angle. And as energy folks are fond of saying, windows make lousy walls. The problems are multiple. First, the R-value of even the best skylight is a fraction of the R-value of the roof — the roof which someone just punched a hole through.Skylights are also very difficult to improve. When installed through an insulated sloped ceiling, skylights create a rectangular hole in the insulation to which there is no access. If installed above an unconditioned attic, you’ll have a very difficult-to-access rectangular shaft rising up through the attic to the roof deck. And the shaft had better be well insulated, as it is essentially outdoors. Erik North, the owner of Free Energy Maine, is an energy auditor and home performance specialist in Westbrook, Maine. He is also the author of the Energy Auditing Blog. Melted snow flows downhillThe skylight allows warm air near the roof deck, melting the snow. With a ventilated roof, the ventilation air is stopped below the skylight. Melted snow? Cold roof deck? That’s the formula for ice dams. Some of the worst ice dams I’ve seen are below skylights.Skylights provide great natural light but at a cost: ice dams, moisture damage in the surrounding drywall… They’re a real horror show. While the desire for natural lighting is understandable, a solar tube might be a better alternative. Skip the skylight and avoid the hassle. BLOGS BY ERIC NORTH Ban the CanThe Street-Side Energy AuditSpray Foam in Cold ClimatesProblems with Crawl SpacesHow to Avoid MoldSealed-Combustion Appliances and Hot Tub Parties The blog’s title is a reference to Roger Ebert and his book, I Hated, Hated, Hated This Movie. They interfere with roof ventilation and contribute to ice damsSkylights cause problems on the exterior as well. Standard roof ventilation can be a real pain if there is a skylight in the way. A well ventilated roof needs clear air flow from the soffit to the roof peak. A skylight would disrupt that flow, stopping the air flow below the bottom edge.There’s another problem: skylights in cold climates substantially warm the surrounding roof deck. Suppose a skylight is installed through an 18-inch-thick cathedral ceiling insulated with doubled-up fiberglass batts. The skylight allows conditioned air right into this hole punched through the insulation. This warm air would be inches from the roof deck, heating the surrounding shingles and melting snow. Big deal, right? Melting snow is good — it saves you climbing on the roof and shoveling. Which leads us to the next problem: ice dams.